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Rhino - Albrecht Durer. 21.3x29.5
Being, first of all, a painter and graphic artist, Dürer, like many major Renaissance masters, was interested in various fields of knowledge. When they brought a gift to the Governor of Portuguese India from the Eastern Sultan in Lisbon rhino, a friend of Dürer, publisher and trader Valentin Fernandez, sent him a letter with a description and outline of the animal. Based on this information, the artist, taking an interest in a strange creature, made two drawings, one of which he performed an engraving.
The work, although it had a number of completely explainable inaccuracies, such as an armor on the body or a crest with a horn on the back of an outlandish beast, generally depicted him correctly. In addition to the passion of the researcher, Dürer was driven by the desire of the Renaissance artist to feel the connection with antiquity, because rhinoceros was an animal that, by the 16th century, was last seen in Europe under the ancient Romans.