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Pantry - Georg Flegel. 92x62
“Pantry” by George Flegel (1566-1638) - this is an interesting kind of still life, called "trick" or "trompleya" (from the French "trompe loile" - "optical illusion"). The peculiarity of such a picture is that its author is trying to pass off his man-made image as a fragment of the real world. Correctly perceive the "trick" is possible only in the original: even the best reproduction is not able to convey the fullness of the sensations it creates. This is because the desired illusion effect is usually associated with the location and size of the work, always reproducing the displayed objects in full size. In addition, to make the trompley look as natural as possible, they were never inserted into the frame.
Georg Flegel learned the art of creating tricks from the masters of the Dutch still life, who were the first to turn to this genre. Artists used many tricks to make the viewer want to touch the things presented on the canvas. One of them is a picturesque imitation of a niche deepened in the wall of the cabinet - and uses Flegel in its work. His canvas represents a darkened pantry, on two shelves of which are placed drinks in jugs, fruits, bread, dishes and a vase of flowers. Was the masterly illusory nature of the image manner supposed to make a person who suddenly saw this picture think, a two-dimensional painting in front of him or three-dimensional real objects?
Despite the fact that the main task of such works was only to mislead the viewer, they possess all the advantages of a 17th-century still life, including its semantic associations.