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Isengheim Altar - Matthias Nithardt (Grunewald). Between 1510 and 1515
The massive lime altar - The Great Altar of Our Lady - was written by Nithardt between 1510 and 1515. The huge figure of the wounded Christ on the cross emphasizes the insignificance of those mourning him. John the Apostle, Virgin Mary and Mary Magdalene. Among the mourners on the right stands the impassive, despite the torment and death suffered by him, the figure of St. John the Baptist, urging the viewer to tune in a contemplative manner and think about the sacrifice of Christ and over the words attributed to him in the Bible: “He must grow, but I must belittle” (John 3:30). In the lower panel, three Marys groan over the dead body of Christ, prepare for burial. On the flaps visible St. Sebastian and St. Anthony.
Crucifixion. Jesus Christ was crucified on Mount Calvary (“Frontal Place”) with a large gathering of people, among whom were his mother and Mary Magdalene. When the soldiers crucified him, Christ said: “Father! forgive them, for they don’t know what they are doing. ” Before death, they brought Christ a sponge soaked in vinegar. After that, one of the Roman legionnaires pierced his side with a spear and blood flowed from the wound.