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Museums and Art

Museum of Lesya Ukrainka in Yalta, Ukraine

Museum of Lesya Ukrainka in Yalta, Ukraine

The Crimean Territory is known not only for its cozy climate and picturesque nature, but also just a huge number of cultural places that keep the stories of hundreds of generations. One such place is Museum of the Ukrainian talented poetess Lesya Ukrainka. This museum is located in the city of Yalta and is one of four museums dedicated to the talent of a famous writer. The remaining three museums are located in Kiev, Novograd-Volynsk and the village of Kolodeznoe, and also have their own unique history.

Oddly enough, the heaviest share fell on the shoulders of the young Yalta Museum. It is known that the poetess lived only forty-two years, she spent three years of her life in the Crimea, and two of them, directly in Yalta. It was here that Lesya Ukrainka wrote her beautiful works: “Above the Sea”, “Crimean Reviews”, “Crimean Memories”, “Kassandra” and many others.

At the beginning of the twentieth century, a group of fans of the work of the famous writer was created with the aim of opening a museum dedicated to her anniversary. The museum creation group included completely different people, among them there were both local historians and creative personalities. Among them was even one of the students of the poetess Nikolai Okhrimenko. All these people were led by only one goal - respect for the memory of Lesya Ukrainka.

The first results of the group's work were the erection of a monument to Lesya Ukrainka and the installation of a memorial plaque on the wall of the house in which she lived back in 1897. The basis for the monument, it was decided to make blocks of diabase, which were specially raised from the bottom of the sea. And the famous sculptor Kalchenko Galina created the image of the poetess herself, who to this day sits on the seashore with a thoughtful look.

However, after all this, certain problems began, caused by the protests of the intelligentsia of the seventies. And instead of a museum in memory of Lesya Ukrainka, a museum of "Pre-revolutionary culture" was opened. After the complete restoration of the house, it was still possible to organize an exposition dedicated to the 120th anniversary of Lesia Ukrainka. This happened in 1991 during the collapse of the USSR. Soon, under the prolonged pressure of the enlightenment movement, the museum itself was opened, by appropriating the exposition of Lesya Ukrainka - the title of the museum of her memory.

The main goal of opening the museum was naturally not only the presentation of various things of that era, but the subtle scientific and educational work of the entire population. Thanks to the efforts of enthusiasts, in 2003, a new exhibition was created under the name “Lomikamen”. The name at first sight is strange, but that is how Lesya Ukrainka christened the edelweiss flower. In addition, many critics, the period of Lesia Ukrainka’s life, called her that nickname, emphasizing her strong-willed and strong nature.

In the museum itself, there is directly the furniture of that period and almost all household items. And the presence of a medical kit in a sad voice reminds all visitors of the serious illness of the poetess she suffered. When Lesia managed to overcome the disease, she constantly went to the reading room, which was very close. Often she read the latest news and memoirs, and in a variety of languages. It is important to note that for some time a local school functioned on the basis of the museum.


Watch the video: Lesya Ukrainka. Ukrainian treasure (January 2021).